Safety policy As at Feb. 15
These are the minimum safety requirements
for the safe manoeuvres of troops and handling of weapons on the ground. It
does not include detailed drill movements . Officers instructing their
troops in their specific drill must ensure that their drill does not contravene
any of these general rules.
If an officer believes that their drill
or the drill of a particular member cannot comply with these rules, they must discuss this with the 43rd
Monmouthshire Safety Officer or unit commander in order to reach a satisfactory
compromise. Members unable to comply may not take part in battle displays. They may attend living history and training events.
Disregard or failure to apply these rules
will be cause for the immediate suspension of membership.
Units must train together regularly. The
officer or the person responsible for training must keep records of all
training given. These records must include all members participating in
(including members of other units), and the nature of the training. Individuals
training with a number of groups are strongly encouraged to keep a record of
all training received. 43rd Monmouthshire accreditation does not replace the
need for these records.
Infantry units must use the drill
appropriate to the type of arm, period and nationality they represent except
where adherence to this drill would become a safety hazard (e.g. loading of
ball). During displays, foot troops
(including non-combatants providing support) must operate in groups or units on
the ground, under the control of a responsible officer or NCO. They must follow
the directions of their officer at all times unless they consider that
compliance with an order would put themselves, other members or members of the
public into danger.
If a member believes that any order would
put people or horses into danger, they should comply as far as safety permits
and no further. They should discuss the matter with their officer after the
display. No discussions should be entered into during the display.
Members should not leave their unit or
group on the battlefield without the knowledge or permission of the unit
Unit officers must remember that
participants are all volunteers, if permission to leave the battlefield is requested;
the officer must grant this permission as soon as it is safe to do so.
Infantry must never go forward of the wheel
hubs of any artillery piece in their vicinity while the piece is in
Muskets / Carbines /rifles - Loading and
Firing (excluding blank firers)
1. Always treat muskets as though they are
2. Muskets must never be pointed directly at
people or animals. Always point above or
to the side. (Do not point at the ground to avoid ricochet)
3. Soldiers must be aware of safe firing
4. Always be aware of the direction of the muzzle
of the musket, especially when loading.
5. Ensure the surround of the pan is clean
6. Be careful not to over prime and close pan
as soon as priming is complete.
7. Use two fingers only to hold to hold the
cartridge when loading the muzzle and tilt the barrel away from the face.
8. 43rd Monmouthshire encourages the safe use
9. 43rd Monmouthshire discourages “tap”
loading. Repeatedly banging the butt of
your gun on the ground will eventually damage your weapon.
10. The empty cartridge should be used as
wadding, unless you are unable to ram your musket. If not ramming, the
cartridge must be discarded (This does not apply to “blank Firing” guns).
11. Cartridges should be made of lightweight
paper that will burn quickly when used as wadding. No glue or plastic tape
should be used in their making.
12. When ramming, hold the ramrod with two
fingers. Never place your hand over the end of the ramrod.
13.Never put a hand or other part of your body
over the end of the muzzle or directly over the pan.
14. Only Black powder may be used for muzzle
loading muskets (UN 0027, UN 0028). If using “blank firing” muskets, only the
approved cartridges for that weapon may be used.
15.Care must be taken if the unit is required
to move with loaded weapons.
In the event of a misfire, a message
(naming the person concerned) should be sent up the line to the officer. The Miss fire drill should be carried out under the supervision of the NCO. See FLINT LOCK 4. Miss Fire
16.Firers must be aware of the potential
danger to their neighbour from side flash and care must be taken to avoid side
flash when the firearm is discharged. If
flash guards are fitted, these must be regularly checked for signs of wear and
17.43rd Monmouthshire discourages “touch
firing”. This should only be carried out if a gun cannot be fired by normal
means and it is unfeasible to leave it loaded. Touch firing should only be
carried out by an experienced firer and in a safe area.
18. When presenting the weapon to fire, always
feel for the ramrod in its channel under the barrel. If it isn’t there DO NOT
FIRE. NCO's and Officers must observe all ramrods are returned , if they believe a ramrod has not been returned they must call an immediate halt and bring the unit to attention. To confirm the safe return of the ram rod.
19. If firing in more than one rank, the
appropriate drill positions must be used to avoid injury to
front soldiers from those behind them. In most circumstances, this means that
the muzzle should be in front of the hands and the lock should be behind the
ear, of the man in front. Special attention to the position of the muzzle and lock when loading and firing must be made when the 43rd is deployed in skirmish order or working in pairs.
20. When firing volleys in a formed single body of troops it
is possible to think your gun has discharged when it has not. Cartridges should
be large enough to give a slight kick in the shoulder, and soldiers should look
along the barrel to watch for a flash and smoke. Members should familiar with the amount of ramrod displaced by one paper cartridge and in turn the amount of two cartridges in the event of a miss fire .
In the event of a double charge the weapon should be made safe. with the frizzen open, pan cleared and flint down. Water from the soldiers canteen should be poured down the barrel to soak the wadding and powder to make the weapon safe. water from the touch hole should be a good indication the entire charge as been soaked.
No attempt to clear the weapon should be made by firing the weapon and the weapon should be escorted to safe zone to be cleared by worm
21. Infantry must never take part in hand to
hand combat with a loaded gun.
22. if it becomes necessary to portray a
casualty on the field with a loaded gun, remove all priming while on the ground
and if possible remove the ignition source
23. At the end of each display, guns should be
checked to ensure they are clear before leaving the field. Ramrod should be removed and the barrels rung.
The NCO overseeing the clearance should report the section clear before the unit leave the display site. Any miss fires or loaded weapons should where possible be discharged on the display site as soon as possible.
24. Members with licenced weapons must not allow members of the public handle a licenced weapon at any time during a living history display or weapon talk through. Only inert, deactivated or blank firing (currently) weapons may be handle by members of the public and it must be made clear the weapon is inert , deactivated or blank firer.
Specific safety rules for different types
of muskets are covered in these sections, Flintlock and Blank Firers.
1. Cartridge bags or boxes must be made of
leather and of a design good enough to keep any sparks out.
2. Ensure the hammer is at half cock at all
times while loading.
3. Guns must only be brought to full cock when
taking up the firing position.
4. Flintlock misfires
If there was no flash in the pan, remain in
the firing position for a further 5 seconds before taking any action. Bring the
weapon down to the load position. Bring the gun back to half cock, close the
pan and wipe the frozen and flint clean. Re-prime if necessary and wait for the
next order to fire.
If it fails to fire again with no flash,
repeat the instructions above. If after a few attempts, the gun still fails to
fire, shake out all priming powder and knap or replace the flint.
If the pan flashed but the gun failed to
fire, allow 10 seconds in the firing position before taking any action. In
addition to the actions above, prick the touchhole to ensure it is clear.
If the gun fails to fire after a number of
attempts, it is deemed a failure and no further attempts should be made until
it can be given proper attention. At this stage, remove all priming and ensure
the pan is completely clear of powder. Remove flint. If possible flush water
down the barrel as an extra precaution.
These guns are fairly new to re-enactment,
and as such there may be risks that have not yet become apparent. While we
believe that they do not require a license at this time, the onus is on the
owner to ensure that he/she can legally keep and use these weapons. Any
potential risks that are not covered by the rules by these safety documents
should be brought to the attention of the 43rd Monmouthshire safety
These guns look very similar to their
licensed firing counterparts. Users must remember this and in most respects
should treat them in the same way as licensed weapons. In particular, these
guns must never be pointed at people or animals and never be left unattended.
Always remember that other people may not realise they are blank firers.
If showing these weapons to members of the
public and letting them handle them, the reason that this is possible must be
explained. Do not make other members seem rude or unhelpful because they cannot
do the same with their licensed weapons.
Members should follow the drill of the 43
as closely as possible during battle re- enactments.
These guns do emit a flash, and the same
levels of care must be taken. Members using these weapons must read and
understand the safety precautions of fully firing versions of their guns above.
Where required, 43rd Monmouthshire will
only supply Black powder (UN0027 and UN0028). Ammunition for blank firers will
not be supplied and members use them at their own expense.
Spontoon / Pike / Colour staff
1. Must be handled with care at all times. Holders
must be aware of their surroundings and avoid hitting people, trees, power
lines, buildings or any other obstructions.
2.Pikes must be used in accordance with the
drill of the period and nationality being presented.
3. When horses are in the vicinity pikes must
be held at an angle to reach above the horses heads.
4.Holders are advised to wear gloves when
handling pole arms.
1.Swords may be worn where they constitute
part of the normal attire of the role being represented.
2.Swords may be drawn by any member for
presentation and salute purposes. Members drawing swords in other circumstance
must be accredited to do so.
3.Only those accredited may use the sword in
free form “fencing”.
4.Sword on sword encounters should remain
brief unless part of a rehearsed scenario (duel).
5.Bayonets Extreme care must be used when
6. Bayonets must not be fixed when travelling
over rough or slippery ground, or during hand to hand engagements with any
Accreditation Requirements – Basic Infantry I1
In order to be
accredited, the member must demonstrate the following to the unit commander:
1. Membership of 43rd Monmouthshire.
2. Uniform and kit must be up to the standard
for the unit .
3. Have knowledge and understanding the safety
procedures for the camp site, battlefield and interaction with the public.
4.Basic knowledge of the drill of their
chosen unit / role.
5.That they have licenses’ as required for
their chosen weapon.
6.Knowledge of how the weapon works including
the mechanics of the lock assembly, as appropriate for the gun being used.
7.Knowledge and practical demonstration of
priming and the correct amounts to be used.
8.Knowledge and practical demonstration of
loading and firing the weapon safely.
9.Knowledge and understanding of misfire
10.Knowledge of safe removal of an unfired
round from the barrel (worming).
11.Knowledge and understanding of required
maintenance to the gun. Including stripping down, cleaning and re-assembly.
12.Knowledge of cartridge making.
Additional Accreditation Requirements –
Swords (on foot)
Knowledge and practical demonstration of
the principles of sword fighting (balance, line, eye contact and distance).
Knowledge and understanding of the swords
and fighting styles of their period / role.
Knowledge and practical demonstration of
basic five attacks and parries (minimum).
Additional Accreditation Requirements –
Pikes and pole arms.
Knowledge and practical demonstration of
the handling of pikes and pole arms at port, shoulder, trail etc.
Knowledge and understanding of the use of
pikes and pole arms from 1680.
Additional Accreditation Requirements –
Certificate of attendance / pass of NAReS
approved pyrotechnic course.
Knowledge and understanding of weapons used
through the period 1680-1860 and appropriate
Content by sections
Individual Competency 1
Collective Assessment/Accreditation 1
Conduct of Assessment 2
Pass/Fail Criteria 2
Appeal Process 2
Infantry Accreditation and Assessment for Individuals, The
43rds and Groups 3
General Safety 3
Generic Infantry Safety 3
Safety Distances 3
Man Down Drill 3
Infantry Charged by Cavalry 3
Firearm Safety 4
Half Cock and Full Cock 4
Flash from Firing 4
Weapon Custodians 4
Immediate Action Drills, No Flash Misfire 4
Immediate Action Drills, Flash in the Pan Misfire 5
Use of Ramrods 5
Edged Weapons 5 Hand to Hand Combat 5
Infantry to Infantry 5
Infantry to Cavalry 5
Infantry to Artillery 5
Safety Accreditation Test for Infantry 6
Infantry (Part One) 6
Infantry (Part Two) 6
Notification of Results 6
Example Cartridge Description 6
The 43rd Command and
Control Accreditation and Assessment
Introduction Safety Accreditation is conducted to ensure
that the 43rds can operate safely as a unit within a combined arms
environment. The conduct of the
accreditation is the responsibility of The Army Commander and Brigadiers who
may divest responsibility to members of their Staff who will act on their
behalf. The 43rd commanders are
responsible for presenting their units to their Brigadier for assessment and
The assessment and accreditation is to be conducted as a
part of a collective activity in which Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and
Pyrotechnic effects are to be represented or simulated in such a manner as to
be clear to the troops under assessment as to the scenario that is being
The 43rd shall be presented to the Brigadier by its officer
The assessing officer shall give a clear and unambiguous
brief to the commander of the unit being presented on:
~ The layout of the battlefield. ~ The dispositions of other
troops. ~ The intended operational scenario.
~ The 43rd’s role in the operation. ~ Any specific safety issues
that may arise during the assessment. ~ Any specific instructions that the 43rd
must adhere to.
The 43rd commander shall then be given adequate time to
brief and prepare the unit for the assessment/accreditation.
Individual Competency shall demonstrate by the production of
records/certification that all members of the unit being presented for
accreditation have passed Part 1 and Part 2 safety Accreditation.
Collective Assessment/Accreditation The 43rd officers shall
demonstrate the correct use of commands in order to control their unit
throughout the assessment/accreditation.
The 43rds must present sufficient NCOs within the ranks to
exercise proper and safe control of all members of the unit.
The 43rd officers must demonstrate an awareness of other
activities on the field of battle which shall be assessed as ‘not placing their
unit into an unsafe position in relation to other activities on the filed’ or
‘compromising another unit’s tactical position’.
Within the assessment scenario the 43rd commanders must
demonstrate the Units ability to manoeuvre safely using the appropriate drills
of the time pertinent to the unit in question.
Commanders are to provide a consolidated record of their
member’s accreditation, detailing that they have undergone and passed part 1
and 2 of the individual safety accreditation test.
Conduct of Assessment The assessment should require a the
43rd to execute a number of manoeuvres/actions that permit them to demonstrate
competency, preferably within an all arms exercise.
All officers conducting assessments should have clear
guidelines on the scenario of the exercise, what is expected of the 43
being assessed and the pass/fail criteria to be used in assessing units.
Member’s being used to support the assessment exercised but
not being assessed must be strictly controlled so as not to compromise the
integrity of the exercise.
Pass/Fail Criteria A unit shall be deemed to have passed the
assessment and therefore be accredited if they perform all manoeuvres in accordance
with the criteria set out for the exercise in a safe and competent manner. A record of the unit’s accreditation should
be made in the relevant safety register which should be available for
If the 43 is considered to have manoeuvred in a manner
that is inconsistent with good order, failed to follow the prescribed exercise
or has in any way compromised the safety of themselves or other troops engaged
in the exercise shall be deemed to have failed the assessment. They should be re-presented for accreditation
once any recommended corrective training/practice has been conducted.
Appeal Process In the event of any dispute over the results
of an assessment an appeal should be lodged with the relevant Army Commander
who has final arbitrator powers. No
further redress is available.
Infantry Accreditation and Assessment for Individuals of the
This document is the standardised to the best practice of
the Napoleonic Association and Crown and Empire society which check all
participants that use firearms at any event as being competent to take part in
any Army activity and using Firearms as Infantry. All 43rd Commanders and the Units Safety Officers and/or Unit
Accreditation Officers are to ensure that all their members are fully trained
and accredited to take part in any and all The Army activity and that they
maintain written records to show that is the case. They are to ensure that all
their members are aware of the safety procedures specific to each event,
especially with regard to cavalry, artillery, melee and pyrotechnics that maybe
used at the event.
General Safety Units/Groups are to drill and manoeuvre in
the field in accordance with the drill regulations applicable to them from the
period and ensure that all their members are fully conversant in those military
manoeuvres before allowing them to take part in a battle re-enactment. It is advisable that all participants in
battle re-enactments are progressively trained before they are allowed to be
considered as a firer on the field.
All Units/Groups and person(s) that are intending to use a
firearm at an event are to be fully conversant in practices and use it as the
standard they train their members too in order for them to take part in an
events as an Infantry firer.
Generic Infantry Safety Only black powder (UN0027 or
UN0028 ) is to be used in any firearm at
an event. All other Black Powder and
shooters’ powders are expressly forbidden.
All firearms are to be proofed in accordance with their
national regulations before they can be used at an event.
The 43rd Commanders or Unit/Group Safety Officers are to
inspect all their members’ firearms at every event. They should satisfy themselves
that the firearms are serviceable and fit for purpose. Where the firearm is
considered to be unserviceable it is to be withdrawn from use until the fault
is rectified. The 43rds shall keep a record of all incidents where a firearm is
withdrawn from use and when passed fit for use.
Safety Distances ~ A firearm may not be discharged at any
person closer than 20 metres (30 metres if mounted). Firearms should never be
directly aimed at a person(s). The correct firing distance should be regularly
demonstrated by the Unit/Group to their members.
Man Down Drill ~ In case of an accident or injury to a
person(s) the group unit concerned is to form around the injured person in a
square or orb. To signify “Man Down” a
weapon is to be held horizontally in the air with both hands, by nominated
persons at each corner of the square or equally spaced around the orb. If the
Unit/Group in attendance has drums/bugles/whistles, then an alternating sound
from them can be made continuously, i.e. blast/stop/blast and so on. In
addition a baton emblazoned with a red cross on a white background may also be
Infantry Charged by Cavalry ~ When loaded; if a block of
infantry is charged by cavalry when loaded, they are to shoulder their arms and
the infantry commander and individuals are to call out, “I am/Unit is loaded.”
The cavalry are then to move away and engage other troops.
Firearm Safety ~ All firearms shall be checked before use by
the participant and their relevant unit safety checker following the steps
~ The firearm is to be presented to the checker and the
ramrod inserted by the holder of the firearm into the barrel to show that it is
clear. ~ The ramrod is then to be inspected to ensure that it is fit for use,
then secured to the weapon. ~ The firearm is then to be presented to show half
cock. The hammer is to be drawn to the half cock and the trigger is to be
pulled. The hammer should remain where it is. If the firearm is unable to be
put at the half cock or remain at the half cock when the trigger pulled, it is
deemed to be unsafe for use and shall not be used until rectified. Details of
the weapon and nature of fault is then to be added to the unit Weapon Fault
Record. ~The firearm shall then be put
at the full cock and the frizzen pan closed and fired off. If the firearm is
unable to be put at the full cock or hold the full cock, then it is deemed a
failure and unsafe for use and shall not be used until rectified. Details of
the weapon and nature of fault is then to be added to the unit Weapon Fault
Priming ~ The firer is to set the hammer at the half cock,
and ensure that the pan and surrounds are clean before priming. Care should be
taken not to overfill the pan. The pan should be closed with the steel
immediately after priming.
Loading ~ The firer is to use only two fingers to hold the
cartridge whilst pouring the powder into the barrel. They are to ensure the
barrel is tilted away from the face. Nothing other than black powder may be
placed down the barrel of a gun, unless the ramrod is being used to ram the
empty cartridge in place as wadding.
Half Cock and Full Cock ~ The hammer is to be kept at the
half cock until the firearm is brought to the preparatory to firing when it
should then be pulled to full cock in accordance with the appropriate drill
movement. However, half cock does not mean that the firearm is safe and care
should be taken when handling loaded weapons. Care should be taken not to
strike the butt of the firearm on the ground or any other hard surface when it
is loaded. This will go some way to ensuring that the firearm does not go off
at half cock.
Flash from firing ~ Firers should be aware of the potential
danger to their neighbour from side flash and care should be taken to avoid
side flash when the firearm is discharged. Side flash will be reduced if the
pan is not overfilled.
Weapon Custodians ~ At no point is a participant at an event
is to allow a member of the public handle a firearm. Firearms must never be
left unattended or stacked carelessly. No firearm must ever be discharged in
the direction of the public. No firearm is to be discharged unless it is safe
to do so.
Immediate Action Drills, No Flash Misfire ~ Firearm Fails to
Fire with No Flash in the Pan. If the firearm fails to fire, the firearm is to
be held in the firing position for a few seconds to ensure there is no slow
burn to the ignition of the powder in the pan. After which the firer will then
bring the weapon to the load position. The frizzen and flint are then to be wiped
clean, close the frizzen and re-fire from the firing position (reprime if
necessary and fire if safe to do so).
If the firearm fails to fire the second time, the firearm is
to be held in the, firing position as above. Again wipe clean the frizzen and flint.
The priming powder is shaken out of the pan, and the pan wiped clean. Once
clean the flint is then knapped with the correct knapping tool. Note: The
weapon is still loaded.
The pan is to be re-primed and the firearm re-fired for the
third time. If the firearm fails to fire the third time, the firer is to carry
out the steps above but this time is to remove the flint and refit a new. The
firer is then to re-prime and attempt to fire for the fourth time. If the firearm fails to fire the firearm is to
be held in the firing position for a few seconds, to ensure no slow burn. The
firearm is deemed to be a complete failure.
After the four failed firings all priming is to be shaken
out of the pan, the frizzen; pan and flint are wiped clean. The firearm is to be made safe by pouring
water down the barrel until it flows out from the touchhole and/or the end of
the barrel. This shows that the main charge has been flooded and rendered
useless. The fault is to be recorded in the unit Weapon Fault Record at the
Immediate Action Drills, Flash in the Pan Misfire ~ The firer is to remain in the, firing
position for at least 30 seconds, and call out their name, “their name, flash
in the pan.”, this is then passed along the line to the last man who calls out,
“last man, name called, flash in the pan.” ~ The firearm is then brought to the
load position the frizzen, pan and flint are wiped clean. ~ The touchhole is
then pricked and the pan re-primed. ~ The firer will return to the firing position
and attempt to fire again. ~ If the weapon fails to fire with no flash in the
pan, follow the Misfire Immediate Action as detailed above. ~ If the weapon
fails to fire with another flash in the pan then the firearm is to be held in
the firing position for at least one minute and call out as detailed at step i.
~ The firearm is then returned to the load position and is deemed a, Complete
Failure. ~ The firearm is to be made safe by pouring water down the barrel
until it flows out from the touchhole and/or the end of the barrel. This shows
that the main charge has been flooded and rendered useless.
Use of Ramrods ~ When using the ramrod, firers should hold
it between two fingers and should not cover the barrel with their hand. They
should ensure that the ramrod is replaced properly when not in use. It is recommended that ramrods are used to
ram home all blank charges, as this ensures that the charge is seated and that
there is no windage. To reduce the risk of ramrods being accidentally fired,
all participants are to ensure they are fully trained in their use and that
they have been accredited by their respective units/groups in the use of them.
Military Commanders are to ensure they do not give an order to ‘FIRE’, until
they have ascertained that all of their firers have completed the full loading
procedures for their respective firearm.
However, all participants are responsible for ensuring they do not fire
unless it is safe to do so, regardless of any instruction given by another
Edged Weapons ~ All edged weapons used at an events must be
maintained in a clean and safe condition. Points and edges should be blunted
and all burrs removed. Military Commanders/Safety Officers are to inspect such
weapons before their use at an events. Edged weapons must be secured in a
sheath or scabbard suitable for the weapon in question when not in use.
Bayonets, Swords and Sabres may only be drawn by those accredited to do so.
Hand to Hand Combat
Infantry to Infantry ~ Hand to Hand Combat Infantry to Infantry
is only permitted if it has been Risk Assessed and is part of a pre-planned
scenario and that it has been rehearsed to reduce any risk to the
Infantry to Cavalry ~ Infantry to Cavalry is only permitted
if it has been Risk Assessed and is part of a preplanned scenario and that it
has been rehearsed to reduce any risk to the participants. Unit Military
Commanders should ensure that their members are familiar with horses, as
confidence on the field will minimise the risk of injuries sustained from
horses. Infantry should keep in formation when cavalry are close and muskets
must not be lowered below 45 degrees from the vertical.
Infantry to Artillery ~ Infantry to Artillery is only
permitted if it has been Risk Assessed and is part of a pre-planned scenario
and that it has been rehearsed to reduce any risk to the participants. Unit
Military Commanders should ensure that all the members of their unit understand
the system that shows whether a gun is loaded, suffering a hangfire etc., and be
aware of the safety distances of cannon. In particular they must be careful
when attacking a gun team to ensure that the gun is safe before they do.
Safety Accreditation Test for Infantry
Unit Commanders and Unit Safety Officers are to ensure that all
their members who wish to take part in battle re-enactment scenarios have
passed a Safety Accreditation Test. The
accreditation test is to be taken on an annual basis and those details are to
be recorded by the relevant unit in written form. A member must have a Safety Accreditation
granted by the Unit of which he is a member of, or by the unit with which he is
brigaded with in order to take part in battle re-enactments at events and
issued with a certificate to show they have completed an accreditation test.
This certificate should detail when and by whom the test was conducted with and
be signed by both parties. The test can
be broken into two parts:
Infantry (Part One) ~ Produce their unit membership card. ~
Parade in the applicable uniform and kit for the unit/group they belong too. ~
Demonstrate a thorough knowledge and understanding of the drill they will be
required to perform and an understanding of the orders they may be given when
taking part in a battle re-enactment.
Infantry (Part Two) This part of the test is applicable to
all members of a unit who wish to fire a musket, rifle or pistol during a
battle re-enactment. The member shall: ~ Show they have passed Part One of the
test. ~ Produce their current firearms certificate and explosives licence for
inspection to show they are lawfully entitled to be in possession of their
firearm and that they are in date and are able to be in possession of black
powder in order to make blank cartridges for use with their firearm. ~
Demonstrate how their particular firearm functions, including the mechanics of
the lock assembly and details of maintenance of their firearm. ~ Explain how
the flint works and its action on the frizzen. Demonstrate how to dress the
flint and how to change it. ~ Show their firearm clear. ~ Demonstrate how to
prime the pan using the right amount of black powder. ~ Load their firearm
weapon using the appropriate drill and words of command. ~ Demonstrate the
Immediate Actions Drills for misfires. ~ Demonstrate how to remove an unfired
blank round from the barrel using an appropriate tool for their firearm. ~
Demonstrate how to clean their firearm. ~ Demonstrate how to make a blank paper
Notification of Results The member is to be shown a written
record of the result of their test, indicating where if necessary improvements
can be made. If the test was
successfully passed then a certificate is to be issued. The Certificate is to
be signed by the member and the Accreditor, listing their details and the
result of the test and the date it was conducted.
Example Cartridge Description The paper is rolled around a 14mm copper tube
from the longest side 145 mm being place on the tube first to the shortest side
62mm with the 130mm length forming the bottom of the cartridge, so will
overhang the end of the cooper tube, this is done in order the end can be
secured later, the short 62mm edge should now be on the outside and is then
glued using a Prit Stick or similar type of glue. The glue is not necessary,
but does provide a more secure cartridge and greatly reduces the chances of
loose powder fallout. The 130mm end is then twisted (you need to make sure that
a suitable amount of paper is overhanging for this process) ensuring that the
paper doesn’t split or tear and is pushed into the end of the copper tube
forming a closed end. Remove the cartridge from the tube and fill with powder
to the appropriate amount. Once filled pinch the cartridge at the top of the
powder and fold the top end of the cartridge across at a 45- degree angle
making a sort of triangle. You will have to fold the end of the cartridge again
to bring the triangle towards the powder and then tuck the tip of this triangle
into the outer edge of the cartridge, which has been formed by the 62mm
43rd Monmouthshire Light Infantry 1795 - 1815 Re-enactment group